John Ryder plays Henry IV (known in the play as Bolingbroke), richly costumed at the centre of the image. He is surrounded by young actors playing the king's children, in matching blue and white outfits. There are no lines attributed to Henry IV's children in this scene, but their presence serves to signal this play's connection to the more popular Henry IV plays, and perhaps to flatter the reproductive abundance of the contemporary royal family.
Martin Laroche had a photography studio on Oxford Street eight doors down from the Princess’s Theatre, and he regularly collaborated with Charles Kean to produce portraits of the company in costume. This albumen print, carefully hand-coloured in watercolour, was one of a set given to Queen Victoria for Christmas by Prince Albert in 1857.